Approaching Junctions – Lesson 3

Approaching Junctions – Lesson 3

This will mainly be when you are leaving a main road to turn into a road on your left. To do so you should
follow the Mirror, Signal, Manoeuvre (MSM) routine as explained below:

Priority

When turning left you will have priority over traffic turning right off the main road as other road users will
be cutting across your path. N.B. Priority can only be given not taken!

Mirrors

Checking the interior mirror first will give the best possible view of approaching traffic and an idea of their
Speed. Check left / nearside mirror next to be aware of any traffic that may be about to pass on the left as
you slow down to take the turn, mainly cyclists / motorbikes.

Signal

Signal in good time but not too early which may otherwise confuse other road users as they may think you
are pulling up on the left.

Position

There will be no need to change from your normal driving position unless there are obstructions such as
parked cars or if you are turning into a narrow road or entrance. For a sharp turn you would need to move
closer to the centre of the road.

Speed

Slow down enough to take the turn safely – most turns would be taken at approximately 15 – 20 mph.
Second gear should be selected for this speed. Bring the clutch pedal up to avoid coasting so as to
maintain control.

Look

Check into the new road to assess how clear the junction is. Look out for parked cars or pedestrians who
could easily be crossing the road. Pedestrians who have stepped onto the road have priority so be
prepared to stop and allow them to cross if necessary. Also, be aware of any cyclists who may try passing
you on the left.

Approaching Junctions To Turn Right

Priority

Oncoming traffic will have priority and you must never cut across them if to do so would cause them to
change speed or direction. If you can walk from the left side to the right side at normal walking pace with
a vehicle approaching, you then can drive across.

Stopping Position

Position just before your point of turn. Normally, the front of the car will be in line with the centre line of
the road on the right that you are turning into when you need to stop for oncoming traffic. Positioning to
the centre of the road will often leave enough room for cars to pass on your left as well as confirm your
intentions to turn right. Do not cut the corner.

Flashing Lights

Be prepared for the possibility of other drivers signaling you to go, most likely by flashing their
headlights or waving you on. You must make sure it is safe to turn and that they are signaling you and
nobody else especially where there are vehicles emerging onto the main road that they may be intended for.

27 left emerge pics
31 right emerge pics
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